What are the steps in setting and achieving the goals?

Soccer into goal success concept

Writing down and formulating your goals is a good way to clarify what you want to do, when you want to do it and how it will be achieved. But formulating the goals is one thing, fulfilling them is quite another.

Many of us have seen deadlines disappear with rocket speed or had dreams that stop at just dreams. But with a few simple rules, you can give yourself a better chance of success. Take a look at our tips for how to set goals that actually help you achieve what you want to accomplish.

Formulate the need. Ask yourself the question “Why is this important to me?” Write your answer on a piece of paper and put it away. Ask the question again after a few hours or a few days. Repeat a few times until you feel that you have a clear goal that you want to achieve.
Create a challenge. “The great danger for most of us is not that we set our goal too high and miss it, but that we set it too low and reach it,” the Renaissance artist Michelangelo is said to have once said. Your goal should be challenging for you to achieve. To get started, however, it can sometimes be good to set a lower goal at first and increase the challenge over time.

Make the targets magnetic. A good goal is attractive to achieve. It’s like a magnet that constantly draws you to it. Identify what you will gain from achieving the goal. This will help you create a greater attraction.


Be careful not to have too many balls in the air at the same time. By prioritizing, you help yourself decide which goals are most important to achieve. Be honest with yourself when you prioritize, you will actually have time to do the things that need to be done.
Set milestones. Set up dates along the way when you should have reached a certain result. This allows you to continuously tune in to the target. Is it still realistic and aspirational? This also helps you to be more flexible in your implementation.

Important principles of goal setting

A lot of research has been done in goal setting and how to set more effective goals that get us results. In the past, much of the research on goal setting was done to see the relationship between the intended performance and the final outcome. Something that was clearly shown was that well-defined goals led to greater results.

Commitment refers to the extent to which an individual is attached to the goal, as well as their determination to achieve it. According to Locke & Latham (1990), goal achievement is strongest when people are committed, and this is even more true when the goals are difficult.

If, on the other hand, we were to be less committed to our goals, especially if the goal is challenging, then the likelihood of giving up increases. If, on the other hand, we are very committed, we will do everything to achieve our goal. For example, if we were to discover that our work is below what is required, we are likely to increase our effort or change our strategy to achieve the goal.


Specific goals set you on a direct course. Research by Arvey, Dewhirst & Boling (1976) indicated, among other things, that goal clarity is positively related to overall motivation, and that goals that are vague have limited motivational value.
So set clear and precise goals that can be measured. When you are clear about your goal, you will have a better understanding of the work and you will know what is required of you.


Although goals must be attainable, they also need to be challenging. We know that challenging goals can improve performance through increased self-satisfaction and motivation to find appropriate strategies to push our skills to the limit. Goals that are beyond our abilities, however, will lead to feelings of dissatisfaction and frustration.


If our goals are too complex and beyond our capabilities, they can easily become overwhelming and negatively affect our productivity and motivation. As for the goal’s timetable, it also needs to be realistic, and we have to give ourselves enough time to work towards a goal so that it can be achieved.


Goal setting is always more effective if we get immediate feedback from our work. Feedback helps us determine the extent to which a goal can be achieved and how you develop. Feedback also helps us reflect on our ability and can help us set new, more achievable goals.

Setting personal goals means creating your big “picture” of what you want to do with your life, or perhaps over the next 10 years. You then identify the goals that you want to achieve, and break these down into smaller and smaller goals that you need to accomplish in order to achieve your life goals. The next step is then to set up a plan and to start working towards your goals.
When we set personal goals, we often set goals in the different areas of our life that we consider important to us. To give you some examples in different areas:

Career – What level do you want to reach in your career, or what do you want to achieve?

Financial – How much do you want to earn, at what stage? How do you want to live financially?

Education – Is there any knowledge you want to acquire? What information and skills do you need to achieve other goals?

Family – Do you want to become a parent? If so, how do you become a good parent? What kind of relationship do you want to have with other family members?

Physical – Are there any athletic goals you want to achieve, or do you want to be in good health well into old age? What steps will you take to achieve this?

Recent posts